Drops in natural population increases and international migration have caused the nation’s population growth to slow down for the fourth year in a row.
The U.S. Census Bureau said that natural increases in population, or the difference between births and deaths, have been the largest source of population growth for the nation this decade. But in 2019, the natural increase in population dropped to 957,000, the first time in four decades it has dropped below a million.
The bureau said the U.S. was trending towards more deaths and fewer births.
International migration, another source of U.S. population growth, has declined by nearly half since 2016. That year international migration increased the U.S. population by 1,047,000 people. In 2019, that number dropped to 595,000.
The Census Bureau found that over a quarter of the nation’s population lived in three states- California, Texas and Florida.
Census data shows that the population in Indiana has gradually increased by two million since 2010.
In early 2019, researchers at the Indiana University Kelley School of Business’ Indiana Business Research Center found that much like the national trends, Indiana’s population growth was driven by natural increase and migration and actually outpaced each of its neighboring states.
An analysis of Census Bureau data showed that the state’s birth rate was declining while the number of deaths rose steadily due to an aging population. In 2018, 81,075 births were reported in the state, the lowest annual total since 1987.
The analysts also found that more people are migrating into the state. In 2018, Indiana had 12,800 new residents due to migration from other states. That number outpaced the average annual net inflow of about 1,900 residents between 2010 and 2017.